༄། །བྷུ་ཀྲན་པི་པཱལྶ་པ་ཀྲི།།
Bhutan Peoples' Party  

Bhutan National Teachers' Association


 With the introduction of five-year plans since 1960, a comprehensive system of modern education line came into being in the country. Till then the monastic education was in practice at various Regney Schools and Dzongs (Fortress). The nearest neighbor India, which initiated the path of physical development and progress in Bhutan, also played a dominant role in introducing modern education in Bhutan.  The south Indians owe our heartfelt thanks for having played a vital role in institutionalizing the comprehensive education system with qualitative and need based syllabi, standard and extracurricular activities. We regret to maintain here that many of these founding fathers of education in Bhutan have been victimized since 1985 and stripped off their position with no qualifying reasons.

The teachers of Bhutan have for decades served the people with much pain and sufferings. Amidst unfriendly atmosphere, strange rule of law breathtaking valleys and cuts, the teachers in Bhutan have surged their unswerving loyalty and dedication at the cost of their life and family. The government on its turn has remained indifferent and biased in its dispensation.

Education for any developing country is a key to success. Bhutan still needs a trained and educated bureaucracy and a core of men and women able to co-ordinate the long range developmental plans for the country. Impairment or negation of the basic political wisdom for equality and equal opportunity in education system is also responsible for the present political crises in Bhutan.


The “Bhutan National Teachers’ Association” or by abbreviation ‘BNTA’ is undoubtedly one of the pioneer organizations of the Bhutanese movement.

The mysterious death of late Govinda Mishra on August 16th 1987 at Thimphu and Mrs. Sita Mothey on April 23rd 1988 at Chirang, both Teachers, followed by the implementation of nefarious policies by the absolute regime was seriously felt by the professional teachers in the country. Teachers in Bhutan occupy a prominent position. On grounds of moralities, human dignity and to safeguard the mass illiterate population from the cumulative racist and blatant policies, the BNTA was founded on 21st September 1989, at National Institute of Education (NIE), Samchi, under the leadership of late Man Bahadur Chhetri.   The BNTA in its real earnest began to organize the teachers and to generate public opinion against the undemocratic, absolute and racist government. To the surprise of the entire president late Mr. Chhetri was killed on November 4, 1989 and hanged in one of the ceiling fans of the Royal Guest house at Samchi. His death still remains a mystery. The fear of treason and persecution culminated among other members and were compelled to either abscond from the country and join the democratic movement of 1990 launched by Bhutan Peoples’ Party (BPP) or remain inactive in the country.

Late Man Bahadur Chhetri

Late Man Bahadur Chhetri

With the onset of refugee crises since 1991 the moral responsibilities of managing the CARITAS-Nepal sponsored schools at various refugee camps fell upon the members of this association. Till date more than one thousand teachers both professionals and amateurish and novice impart education. The unflagging efforts by various organizations and parties for democracy and human rights in Bhutan are beyond appreciation. However nothing tangible is yet achieved. Thus, to re vitalize the democratic movement and to provide meaningful intellectual inputs and human resource, the BNTA is re-organized on February 12th 1997. BNTA is a cadre- based, trade- based, independent, non-governmental organization.  BNTA is decentralized and pre-dominated by teachers and education employees.


  1. To secure and promote democracy, human rights, economic and social justice.

  2. To safeguard and promote the professional freedom of teachers and persuade for the teachers participation in the formulation and implementation of educational policies.

  3. To enhance the conditions of work and terms of employment of teachers and education employees and to protect the professional status, interests and welfare of the members under international labour standard.

  4. To facilitate the development of leadership role among members and to promote active participation of women in teaching profession, organization and in the society.

  5. To combat all form of racism, health hazard, drugs abuses, biases, gender discrimination, degradations of National environment, discrimination in education and society on ground of race, culture, ethnicity, political opinion, economic status and religion.

  6. To preserve and to protect the diverse ancient religious and cultural heritage that has enriched Bhutan.

  7. To build solidarity and mutual co-operation among International Organizations. 


The Association shall under take the following duties in exile.

a.     Establish clubs for: –

i    Language developments
ii   Songs and music
iii  Arts and crafts

b.     Establish libraries: –

i.       School library
ii.     Public library

c.      Conduct workshops & classes on: –

i.     Human rights classes
ii.   Moral education and sanitation
iii.  Leadership qualities
iv.  Protection and preservation of environment
v.   To create awareness on democracy, social justice and equality.

d.     Organize exhibition shows and cultural programs:-

    1.  Raise concern over the declined standard of education and work for the management and maintenance.

    2. Work to maintain international campaign to garner support and solidarity for the establishment of Democracy in Bhutan.

BNTA condemns terrorism of all sorts, violence and discrimination of all kinds, biasness of all nature, undemocratic and anti-social ways, irrationality and inhumanity, primitive and quantitative education and culture.

BNTA adores and aspires and yearns for a state of peace, progress and prosperity, a state of advanced system of governance based on democratic socialism, a state of rationality and humanity, and advanced qualitative education and culture that befit the needs and demands of postmodern time and minds.


The BNTA in particular calls upon the Education International (EI) for educational support to the Bhutanese  Refugee Teachers, Students and refugee community at this dark and difficult hour of need.
The BNTA in general calls upon the Regional and International Organizations for support, solidarity and co- operation towards our crusade to secure our society in Bhutan that doesn’t undermine the dignity of the human person, that, which is rightly ours by virtue of human birth.



For     Democracy,     Social Justice    & Equality   


Bhutan Before 1991

Bhutan After 1991

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